ancient Greeks

The ancient Greeks believed that gods could and did interfere in human affairs, bringing success or disaster. King of the gods was Zeus, whom the Romans called Jupiter. The Minoans, from the island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea, favoured goddesses in their worship, including the snake goddess who protected the home.

Why the history of Agamemnon’s mask remain unclear?

The Myceneans were warlike people who lived in Greece, possibly from around 1900 BC. By 1600 BC they were trading in the Aegean, and after the fall of Crete they became the major power in the region. The Mycenean rulers lived in hilltop citadels overlooking cities protected by thick stone walls.

The city of Mycenae was at the heart of their civilization. People entered Mycenae through the Lion Gate, a great stone gateway from which a path led straight to the royal palace. Graves of the ruling family, filled with treasure and personal possessions for the afterlife were found near the gate in AD 1876.

Weakened by interstate warfare, the Mycenean cities were destroyed and lost. During an excavation of the graves at Mycenae in the late 1800s, the so-called ‘mask of Agamemnon’ was uncovered. It is unclear of the origin of this mask because so much of the cities and their history were destroyed, but it is believed to be the mask of an earlier king.

The ancient Greeks believed in many gods. The most important of these was a family of supernatural beings who lived on Mount Olympus and watched over humanity. Certain gods looked after the harvest; others cared for wild animals, the sea, and war and so on. The Romans took over many of these Greek gods and gave them Latin names.

They believed the gods could and did interfere in human affairs, bringing success or disaster. King of the gods was Zeus, whom the Romans called Jupiter. The Minoans, from the island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea, favoured goddesses in their worship, including the snake goddess who protected the home.

Why the history of Agamemnon’s mask remain unclear?

The Myceneans were warlike people who lived in Greece, possibly from around 1900 BC. By 1600 BC they were trading in the Aegean, and after the fall of Crete they became the major power in the region. The Mycenean rulers lived in hilltop citadels overlooking cities protected by thick stone walls.

The city of Mycenae was at the heart of their civilization. People entered Mycenae through the Lion Gate, a great stone gateway from which a path led straight to the royal palace. Graves of the ruling family, filled with treasure and personal possessions for the afterlife were found near the gate in AD 1876.

Weakened by interstate warfare, the Mycenean cities were destroyed and lost. During an excavation of the graves at Mycenae in the late 1800s, the so-called ‘mask of Agamemnon’ was uncovered. It is unclear of the origin of this mask because so much of the cities and their history were destroyed, but it is believed to be the mask of an earlier king.