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The human throat is house to many things, aside from the fact that therein lays the passage through which your swallowed food and liquids get into the body.

The throat is a term loosely applied to the part of the neck in front of the backbone. The throat contains structures important in breathing and eating. These include the pharynx, the larynx, part of the oesophagus and part of the trachea.

Where would you find the Epiglottis?

The epiglottis is found in the throat. Normally, when a person swallows, two actions take place to block off the air passage. The soft palate presses against the back of the pharynx, closing the opening to the nose. At the same time, the larynx rises and is covered by the epiglottis, a leaf-shaped lid. These actions force the food into its own passage, the oesophagus, and muscular waves carry it to the stomach.

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Where are your vocal cords?

The vocal cords are the main sound producers in human beings. These two small folds of tissue stretch across the larynx. The larynx is a section of the air passage in the throat. It is located between the back of the tongue and the trachea (windpipe).

The larynx is sometimes called the voice box because it contains the vocal cords. Muscles in the larynx stretch and relax the vocal cords. When we breathe, we relax our vocal cords so they form a V-shaped opening that lets air through.

When we speak, we pull the vocal cords by the attached muscles, narrowing the opening. Then, as we drive air from the lungs through the larynx, the air vibrates the tightened vocal cords and sounds results. The more the cords are stretched, the higher the sounds produced. The more relaxed the cords, the lower the sounds.

Where are your adenoids?

The adenoids are also known as pharyngeal tonsils are a mass of gland-like tissue normally present in the upper part of the throat, directly behind the nasal passage. A small amount of this tissue is always found in the throats of newborn babies.

Usually, it shrinks gradually and disappears by the time the child is 10 years old. Sometimes this shrinking process does not take place; instead, the adenoid tissue increases in varying degrees to form a large growth. It is this growth that people commonly call ‘adenoids’.

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The adenoids form a continuous ring of lymphoid tissue around the back of the throat. If the adenoid tissue causes repeated infections, doctors may remove it in a surgical operation called an adenoidectomy.

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