Specific purpose application software and how it has changed the society

Specific purpose application software and how it has changed the society

Specific purpose application software is a type of computer application software that is more limited in function compared to other computer application software. Though limited, it usually focuses on a particular task and does it better than a general-purpose program. Examples of specific purpose application software are; accounting management, banking software, payroll system, educational management system, hospital management system, statistical packages, HR management etc.

HR Management

The HR management (Human Resources Management) function includes a variety of activities, among which meeting staffing needs is key. The management system helps with decision-making such as whether to use independent contractors or hire employees to fill these needs. Activities also include ensuring personnel and management practices conform to various regulations.

Billing System

This system tracks customer usage of services and calculates the impact on a customer’s account, based on the price of the services. Billing systems have come to include non-core functionality such as customer management, integration with payment gateways, and statistical analysis.

Reservation System

A computer reservation system (CRS) is a computerized system used to store and retrieve information and conduct transactions related to air travel. CRS is originally designed and operated by airlines; they were later extended for use of travel agents. One of the reservation system’s operation is the booking and selling of ticket for multiple airlines. The CRS operation that carries out this task is called the global distribution system (GDS).

Statistical Packages

A statistical package is a suite of computer programs that are specialized for statistical analysis. It enables people to obtain the results of standard statistical procedures and statistical significance tests, without requiring low-level numerical programming. Most statistical packages also provide facilities for data management.

Attendance System

There are three components that make up a Time and Attendance system. First, barcode readers are used to allowing employees to make quick and accurate time transactions. Second, data taken from these devices need to be managed and stored by PCs. Third, management of the time transactions, payroll generation and detailed reports are done by the Time and Attendance software.

Hospital Management Software

A Hospital Management Software is also called Hospital Information System (HIS) or Clinical Information System (CIS). This is a comprehensive, integrated information system designed to manage the administrative, financial and clinical aspects of a hospital. This encompasses paper-based information processing as well as data processing machines.

It can be composed of one or a few software components with speciality-specific extensions as well as of a large variety of sub-systems in medical specialities (e.g. Laboratory Information System, Radiology Information System).

CISs are sometimes separated from HISs in that the former concentrate on patient-related and clinical state-related data (an electronic patient record) whereas the latter keeps track of administrative issues. The distinction is not always clear and there is contradictory evidence against the consistent use of both terms.

As an area of medical informatics, the aim of a HIS is to achieve the best possible support of patient care and administration by electronic data processing.

Banking software

Banking Systems software enables the management, monitoring and control of transaction for financial institutions and banks. Private Banks and mutual fund administrators as well as other wealth management firms utilize Banking System applications to provide front office services as well as back-office functions such as customer account tracking, credit approval, and financial accounting and information system integration. Banking System software is related to Financial Risk Management software, Investment Management software, Loan Origination software and Loan Servicing software.

Accounting management

Accounting Management (Business) is the practical application of management techniques to control and report on the financial health of the organization. This involves the analysis, planning, implementation, and control of programs designed to provide financial data reporting for managerial decision making. This includes the maintenance of bank accounts, developing financial statements, cash flow and financial performance analysis.